wine

The Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek that are translated as “wine” in English is translated into Pass Valley Yali as “grape juice pressed long ago (= fermented)” or “strong water” (source: Daud Soesilo). In Guhu-Samane it is also translated as “strong water” (source: Ernest L. Richert in The Bible Translator 1965, p. 198ff.).

Click or tap here to see a short video clip about wine in biblical times (source: Bible Lands 2012)

See also proceeds from the vine / anything that comes from the grapevine.

complete verse (Revelation 6:6)

Following are a number of back-translations of Revelation 6:6:

  • Uma: “When that black horse appeared, I heard what was like a person speaking from among those four living things, saying: ‘The wage of one day is enough to buy just one liter of rice, or just three liters of corn. But the price of oil and grapes/wine stays unchanged.'” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Then I heard something like a voice come from the middle of the four angels of-different-kind, it said, ‘Only one coconut shell full of grain or three coconut shells full of millet is to be bought for the wages of one days work. But oil and the water of the grape that-one-drinks shall not be destroyed.'” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “And then it seemed as if someone was speaking in the midst of the four creatures. He said, ‘three salmons of wheat can be bought for a day’s wages, and only one ganta and three salmons of barley can be bought for a day’s wages. But don’t you change the price of oil and wine.'” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “I then heard a voice that seemed to come from the middle of the four living creatures which said, ‘In the future there shall be famine on the earth, so the salary of a person for one-day, it will only suffice for what he will eat on that day, hulled-rice or corn. But don’t (plural) make-more-expensive the cooking-oil and grape juice (lit. water of grapes–fermented or not).'” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “I heard like speech, the sound of it seeming-to-come-from where those four created living beings were, saying, ‘Only one small-can of wheat flour will be able to be bought for the wages of a day’s hire. In the same way, only three small-cans of sebaba flour will be able to be bought for that same amount. But don’t cause the olibo oil and drink from juice of the ubas fruit to become lacking!'” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “I heard then the one who sat in the midst of where the four stood speak. He said: ‘One kilo of wheat is valued at what a person can earn in one day. Three kilos of barley is valued at what a person can earn in one day. But oil and wine will not be increased in price,’ he said.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)