fornication, sexual immorality

The Greek that is translated as “sexual immorality” or “fornication” or similar is translated much more specifically in some languages. Morelos Nahuatl has “let a man not yield himself to another woman except only to his wife. Also let a woman not yield herself to another man except only to her husband” or in Lalana Chinantec as “not proper for them to mix themselves with other women. The same is true of women for other men also. (Source: Viola Waterhouse in Notes on Translation August 1966, p. 86ff.)

flesh (human nature)

The Greek that is often translated as “flesh” in English (when referring to the lower human nature) can, according to Nidq (1947, p. 153) “very rarely be literally translated into another language. ‘My meat’ or ‘my muscle’ does not make sense in most languages.” He then gives a catalog of almost 30 questions to determine a correct translation for that term.

Accordingly, the translations are very varied:

See also spirit / flesh.

complete verse (Galatians 5:19)

Following are a number of back-translations of Galatians 5:19:

  • Uma: “The deeds that we do if we follow the evil desires of our hearts are quite evident/recognizable. For instance: we commit adultery or behave wrongly with a woman or man, or we do other unseemly actions like that,” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “If their greedy-desire is what people follow, it is easily known because this is their doings: they commit adultery/fornication, they are immoral and they are not ashamed to do folly (sexual things implied).” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “We can identify the evil behavior which is made possible by the evil desires of the body because it’s fooling around with someone who is not our spouse, filthy and ugly behavior,” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “It is easy to distinguish what people do that comes-from their human minds. It is these: they sleep-with those who are not their spouses and they do what is filthy and indecent;” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “For those things which are the outcome of our congenital evil desires are clear to us all. Because it’s these things, all kinds of immoral behaviour with one who is not your spouse, disgusting habits/ways or thoughts and the indulging of disgusting desires with no self control at all.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “It isn’t hard for us to know what is the evil done by people. It is adultery, a heart full of evil, one doesn’t want to control himself concerning walking in evil.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)