complete verse (Mark 11:21)

Following are a number of back-translations of Mark 11:21:

  • Uma: “Petrus remembered Yesus words. So he said to Yesus: ‘Teacher, look at the ara tree you cursed yesterday, it’s withered!'” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “So-then Petros remembered what Isa had said about the tree. He said to Isa, ‘Uy, Sir, look. The igira tree you cursed is already withered.'” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “Peter remembered this, and he said to Jesus, ‘Look at it! That fig tree which you cursed has dried up.'” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Then Pedro remembered what Jesus had said, and he said, ‘Lord, look! The tree you cursed, it truly dried-up!'” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Pedro remembered that event and said to Jesus, ‘Master, just look. That igos which you cursed is already dead.'” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)

formal pronoun: disciples addressing Jesus

Like many languages (but unlike Greek or Hebrew or English), Tuvan uses a formal vs. informal 2nd person pronoun (a familiar vs. a respectful “you”). Unlike other languages that have this feature, however, the translators of the Tuvan Bible have attempted to be very consistent in using the different forms of address in every case a 2nd person pronoun has to be used in the translation of the biblical text.

As Voinov shows in Pronominal Theology in Translating the Gospels (in: The Bible Translator 2002, p. 210ff.), the choice to use either of the pronouns many times involved theological judgment. While the formal pronoun can signal personal distance or a social/power distance between the speaker and addressee, the informal pronoun can indicate familiarity or social/power equality between speaker and addressee.

Here, individual or several disciples address Jesus with the formal pronoun, expressing respect. Compare this to how that address changes after the resurrection.

In most Dutch translations, the disciples address Jesus before and after the resurrection with the formal pronoun.