flesh (human nature)

The Greek that is often translated as “flesh” in English (when referring to the lower human nature) can, according to Nidq (1947, p. 153) “very rarely be literally translated into another language. ‘My meat’ or ‘my muscle’ does not make sense in most languages.” He then gives a catalog of almost 30 questions to determine a correct translation for that term.

Accordingly, the translations are very varied:

See also spirit / flesh.

complete verse (1 Corinthians 3:3)

Following are a number of back-translations of 1 Corinthians 3:3:

  • Uma: “for you are still following the evil desires of your hearts. For if you have envy in your hearts and are arguing, doesn’t this show that you are following the evil desires of your heart, like people who do not-yet know the Lord?” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “because you still follow the behavior of the people in this world. Some of you are jealous, some of you quarrel. That is a sign that you are following your desires like the people who do not follow God.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “Because you are still controlled by your desires. For there are some of you who are jealous; and there are some of you who are quarelling; and because of this it seems that you are still controlled by your desires like people who have not yet believed in Jesus.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “because your minds are still human. I say that, because there you are arguing and you are jealous/envious. And if that’s what you are doing, you are indeed human and you take-after the thoughts and behavior of worldly people.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Because the evil desires of the body are still dominant in your minds/inner-being, for with you still is envying and striving-for-mastery-over one another. Those ways of yours, they testify that you are still indulging your own bodily desires, just like people who haven’t yet believed/obeyed Cristo.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Because still you do like other people live. You still are jealous. You still quarrel. You still do not speak the same word. You still do like the people who do not know God.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)