The Greek that is translated as “sinner” in English is translated as “people with bad hearts” (“it is not enough to call them ‘people who do bad things,’ for though actions do reflect the heart, yet it is the hearts with which God is primarily concerned — see Matt. 15:19”) in Western Kanjobal, “people who are doing wrong things in their hearts” in San Blas Kuna (source: Nida 1952, p. 148), “people with bad stomachs” in Q’anjob’al (source: Newberry and Kittie Cox in The Bible Translator 1950, p. 91ff.), or “people with dirty hearts” (Mairasi) (Enggavoter 2004).
Following are a number of back-translations of Hebrews 12:3:
- Uma: “No kidding the suffering that Yesus underwent facing evil people who rejected him, to the point that he was killed. As for you, relatives, there are indeed evil people who are opposing you too, but in your war opposing sin, none of you has yet been killed like Yesus. So, consider Yesus, so that you not become weak and your hearts discouraged [lit., lessened].” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
- Yakan: “Really think about what he endured from sinful people because of their hate for him! Think about him so that your trust will not become weak and so that you won’t become tired/fed-up.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
- Western Bukidnon Manobo: “And as for Jesus, what He was caused to do was very difficult because of the abuse that wicked people gave Him. Because of this, always think about Him so that you might not give up holding tight to your trusting and you might not become weary and tired in doing good.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
- Kankanaey: “Consider carefully the way Jesus endured the extreme opposition to him of sinful people so that you don’t get discouraged and give-up.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
- Tagbanwa: “Yes indeed, really think about this Jesus, about how much oppostion by sinners he endured. Think much about him so that you will not weaken and become-fed-up (lit. be-enoughed) in your following/obeying him.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
- Tenango Otomi: “When the evil people hurt Jesus, remember how much suffering he suffered. Therefore let us not have our hearts turn back when we suffer.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)