translations with a Hebraic voice (Exodus 2:10)

Some translations specifically reproduce the voice of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament / Hebrew Bible.

The child grew, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter,
and he became her son.
She called his name: Moshe/He-Who-Pulls-Out;
she said: For out of the water

Source: Everett Fox 1995

Das Kind wurde groß, sie brachte es zu Pharaos Tochter,
es wurde ihr zum Sohn.
Sie rief seinen Namen: Mosche, Der hervortauchen läßt.
Sie sprach: Denn aus dem Wasser habe ich ihn hervortauchen lassen.

Source: Buber / Rosenzweig 1976

L’enfant grandit et elle le fait venir à la fille de Pharaon.
C’est pour elle un fils. Elle crie son nom: « Moshè. »
Elle dit: « Oui, je l’ai retiré de l’eau. »

Source: Chouraqui 1985


The name that is transliterated as “Moses” in English is signed in Spanish Sign Language in accordance with the depiction of Moses in the famous statue by Michelangelo (see here). (Source: John Elwode in The Bible Translator 2008, p. 78ff.)

“Moses” in Spanish Sign Language (source)

Another depiction in Spanish Sign Language (source: Carlos Moreno Sastre):

The horns that are visible in Michelangelo’s statue are based on a passage in the Latin Vulgate translation (and many Catholic Bible translations that were translated through the 1950ies with that version as the source text). Jerome, the translator, had worked from a Hebrew text without the niqquds, the diacritical marks that signify the vowels in Hebrew and had interpreted the term קרו (k-r-n) in Exodus 34:29 as קֶ֫רֶן — keren “horned,” rather than קָרַו — karan “radiance” (describing the radiance of Moses’ head as he descends from Mount Sinai).

Even at the time of his translation, Jerome likely was not the only one making that decision as this recent article alludes to.

See also Moses and Elijah during the Transfiguration.