brotherly love

The Greek that is translated in English as “brotherly love” (also: “mutual love” and others) is translated in Waama as “love each other as children of the same mother.” Like many languages, Waama has no generic term for “brother” and sister, just “older brother” or “younger brother.” At first, “love each other as children of the same father” seemed to fit but since the Waama live in a polygamous society, brothers of the same father with different mothers often don’t get along unlike maternal siblings. (Source: Kathrin Pope in Holzhausen / Riderer 2010, p. 54)

outdo one another in showing honor

The Greek that is translated as “outdo one another in showing honor” or similar in English is translated as “always try to find out how the other person will come out better, and not yourselves” in Highland Totonac, as “be genuinely pleased if certain of your fellows should be more prominent than you yourself are” in Chicahuaxtla Triqui, and “each one give honor to the other and not to himself” in Isthmus Zapotec. (Source: Waterhouse / Parrott in Notes on Translation October 1967, p. 1ff.)

complete verse (Romans 12:10)

Following are a number of back-translations of Romans 12:10:

  • Uma: “Love each other like the mutual love between relatives, and surpass/get-ahead-of each other in honoring each other.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “You ought to love each other because it is as if you were siblings because you equally trust Isa Almasi. You ought to be happy to honor your fellow trusters in Isa.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “We (incl.) who have become siblings by means of Christ, must show that each one of us is precious in His breath. And let us rejoice in respecting our companions.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Love-one-another like the love of brothers. Count your companions as being more important than yourselves.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “It is necessary that you love your fellow believers, each one of you, because all of you are brothers because of Christ. Each of you seek how to have your brother respected.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)