complete verse (2 Corinthians 1:22)

Following are a number of back-translations of 2 Corinthians 1:22:

  • Uma: “and he gave us the Holy Spirit as an indication that we are his portion. The Holy Spirit is like God’s seal [Indonesian ‘cap’] in our hearts, that strengthens his promises to us, so that it is certain/clear [lit., straight] to us that he will give us all that he promised to us in the future.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “God made a sign that we (incl.) belong to him. He caused the Holy Spirit to dwell in our (incl.) livers. Because of God’s Spirit we (incl.) are assured that we (incl.) will receive all that God has prepared for us (incl.).” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “And He has given us (incl.) power which is a sign that we belong to Him. He has made it possible that we be guided by the Holy Spirit, who is the sign that He will fulfill every one of His promises to us.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “He has also given us the Holy Spirit who is like a mark or sign that we are his people, and his remaining-in us is our means-of-knowing for-sure that he will fulfill all that he has promised us.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Furthermore he caused-us -to-be-indwelt by the Espiritu Santo who is like his trade-mark on us, an indicator that we really are his people. And this Espiritu Santo whom God caused-to-come-on-ahead so that we can be sure that the day will come when he will bring-to-completion the good-situation that is being reserved for us.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Now we are in God’s hand. Now he has sent the Holy Spirit to walk with us. Therefore we now recognize that all the rest of the word God promised concerning the good he would give us will all happen.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)
  • Warlpiri: “We are God’s people. For that reason certainly he put his skin mark/scar on us, that mark is the Holy Spirit inside Christians. From that we know that he will give us everything later on that he promised us long ago.” (Source: Carl Gross)

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