complete verse (Genesis 32:31)

Following are a number of back-translations as well as a sample translation for translators of Genesis 32:31:

  • Kankanaey: “The sun-was-rising when- Jacob -left Peniel, and he limped in walking on-account of his dislocated hip.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Newari: “Because his buttocks were torn and out of joint, he walked awkwardly. When he passed Peniel the sun had already risen.” (Source: Newari Back Translation)
  • Hiligaynon: “The sun was- already -rising when Jacob left-from Peniel. He was-limping because of his dislocated bone in the hip.” (Source: Hiligaynon Back Translation)
  • English: “The sun was rising as Jacob left Peniel, and he was limping because of what had happened to his hip.” (Source: Translation for Translators)
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