Introduction to the Gospel according to Mark

(Pioneer Bible Translators and The Word for the World use the following introduction in many of their translation projects around the world.)

The Gospel according to Mark is one of four books in the New Testament that describe the life of Jesus Christ. Each one of them is called a “gospel,” which means “good news.” They were written after Jesus’ death by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The Gospel according to Mark is the shortest of the four gospels. It is also believed to have been written first of all the gospels sometime around 60 years after the birth of Christ. Many scholars believe that it was written in Rome with the purpose of encouraging Roman Christians there.

Mark, also known as John Mark, was a companion to the Apostle Paul and Barnabas but his reputation was hurt when he abandoned their missionary journey (Acts 13:13). Later Mark traveled again with Barnabas (Acts 15:3739). Mark was also recognized as a close friend of Peter (1 Peter 5:13). In the Gospel, Mark focuses on discipleship and Jesus’ teaching on the end times.

Outline:

1. Mark introduces the book in chapter 1:1-13.
2. Then Mark describes the ministry of Jesus while he was in Galilee in chapter 1:14-8:21.
3. Next he tells about Jesus’ trip to Jerusalem (8:22-10:52).
4. Mark finishes by writing about Jesus’ time in Jerusalem, including his death and resurrection (11:1-16:8).

This work is owned by Pioneer Bible Translators International and The World for the World International and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License .

Translation: French

Introduction à l’évangile selon Marc

L’évangile selon Marc est un des quatre livres du Nouveau Testament qui décrivent la vie de Jésus-Christ. Chacun s’appelle un « évangile », ce qui veut dire « bonne nouvelle ». Ils ont été écrits après la mort de Jésus par Mathieu, Marc, Luc et Jean. L’évangile selon Marc est le plus court des quatre évangiles. Il est supposé avoir été écrit en premier de tous les évangiles environ 60 années après la naissance de Christ. De nombreux experts croient qu’il a été écrit à Rome dans le but d’y encourager les chrétiens de Rome.

Marc, connu aussi comme Jean Marc, était un compagnon de l’apôtre Paul et de Barnabas mais sa réputation s’est ternie lorsqu’il a abandonné leur voyage missionnaire (Actes 13 :13). Plus tard Marc a de nouveau voyagé avec Barnabas (Actes 15 :37-39). Marc a été reconnu aussi comme un proche ami de Pierre (1 Pierre 5 :13). Dans l’évangile Marc met l’accent sur le rôle de disciple et sur l’enseignement de Jésus sur les temps de la fin.

Résumé

1. Marc introduit le livre dans le chapitre 1 :1-13.
2. Marc décrit ensuite le ministère de Jésus quand il était en Galilée dans le chapitre 1 :14-8 :21.
3. Il raconte ensuite le voyage de Jésus à Jérusalem (8 :22-10 :52).
4. Marc termine en écrivant du séjour de Jésus à Jérusalem, compris sa mort et sa résurrection (11 :1-16 :8).

Translation: Swahili

Utangulizi wa Injili kama ilivyoandikwa na Marko

Injili kama ilivyoandikwa na Marko ni moja ya vitabu vinne katika Agano Jipya vinavyoelezea maisha ya Yesu Kristo. Kila kimoja cha vitabu hivyo kinaitwa “injili,” neno lenye maana ya “habari njema.” Vitabu hivi viliandikwa baada ya kifo cha Yesu na Mathayo, Marko, Luka, na Yohana. Injili kama ilivyoandikwa na Marko ndiyo kitabu kilicho kifupi zaidi ya injili hizo nne. Inaaminika pia kwamba hiyo ndiyo injili iliyoandikwa kabla ya nyingine zote, na iliandikwa wakati fulani kati ya mwaka 60 baada ya kuzaliwa Yesu Kristo. Wasomi wengi wanaamini kwamba injili hii iliandikwa katika mji wa Roma kwa kusudi la kuwatia moyo Wakristo waliokuwepo huko.

Huyu Marko ambaye pia anajulikana kama Yohana Marko alikuwa ni mfuasi wa Mtume Paulo na Barnaba, lakini sifa yake ikachafuliwa alipojiondoa katika safari yao ya kitume (Matendo 13:13). Baadaye Marko alisafiri tena na Barnaba (Matendo 15:37-39). Marko pia alitambuliwa kama rafiki wa karibu wa Petro (1 Petro 5:13). Ndani ya injili hii, Marko anaweka msisitizo katika mambo yanayohusu kuwa mwanafunzi wa Yesu, na mafundisho ya Yesu yanayohusu nyakati za mwisho.

Muhtasari

1. Marko anakitambulisha kitabu katika sura 1:1-13.
2. Halafu Marko anaielezea huduma ya Yesu wakati alipokuwa Galilaya katika sura 1:14-8:21.
3. Kisha anaelezea safari ya Yesu kuelekea Yerusalemu (8:22-10:52).
4. Marko anamaliza kwa kuandika juu ya siku za Yesu katika Yerusalemu, ikiwa ni pamoja na kifo na kufufuka kwake (11:1-16:8).