Introduction to Philemon

(Pioneer Bible Translators and The Word for the World use the following introduction in many of their translation projects around the world.)

The short book of Philemon was written by the Apostle Paul (1:1). Paul was in prison while he wrote it, which means that he was probably writing it from Rome. If he was in Rome then it would have been written about 61 years after the birth of Christ, which is the same time that he would have written Colossians.

He wrote this letter to a man named Philemon. Philemon was a member of the church and also a slave owner. Paul wrote to him to ask that he would not punish his slave Onesimus who had run away from Philemon. By Roman law Philemon had the right to put Onesimus to death. Paul uses persuasive arguments to encourage Philemon to accept Onesimus as a Christian brother and even suggests that Onesimus be allowed to serve alongside Paul (1:1314).

Outline:
1. Paul greets Philemon in 1:1-3.
2. Then Paul asks on behalf of Onesimus that Philemon would accept him as a Christian brother (1:4-21).
3. Paul finishes by announcing his intention to visit and sends greetings (1:22-25).

This work is owned by Pioneer Bible Translators International and The World for the World International and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License .

Translation: French

Introduction à Philémon

Le court livre à Philémon a été écrit par l’apôtre Paul (1 :1). Paul était en prison quand il l’a écrit, ce qui signifie qu’il l’a probablement écrit depuis Rome. S’il était à Rome il l’aurait alors écrit environ 61 années après la naissance de Christ soit à la même époque qu’il aurait écrit Colossiens.

Il a écrit cette lettre à un homme du nom de Philémon. Philémon était un membre de l’église et il était aussi propriétaire d’esclaves. Paul lui a écrit pour lui demander de ne pas punir son esclave Onésime qui s’était enfui de Philémon. Selon la loi romaine Philémon avait le droit de mettre à mort Onésime. Paul utilise des arguments persuasifs pour encourager Philémon à accepter Onésime comme un frère en Christ et il va même jusqu’à suggérer que Onésime puisse être autorisé à servir Paul (1 :13-14).

Résumé

1. Paul salue Philémon dans 1:1-3.
2. Ensuite Paul demande au nom d’Onésime que Philémon l’accepte comme un frère en Christ (1:4-21).
3. Paul termine en annonçant son intention de le visiter et il envoie des salutations (1 :22-25).

Translation: Swahili

Utangulizi wa kitabu cha Filemoni

Kitabu hiki kilicho kifupi kiliandikwa na Mtume Paulo (1:1). Paulo alikuwa kifungoni alipokiandika, jambo lenye maana kwamba yamkini alikuwa katika mji wa Roma alipokiandika. Na kama ni kweli alikuwa Roma alipokiandika, basi yawezekana kabisa kiliandikwa mnamo mwaka wa 61 baada ya kuzaliwa Yesu Kristo. Kitabu cha Wakolosai pia kiliandikwa katika wakati huu.

Paulo alimwandikia barua hii mtu mmoja aliyeitwa Filemoni. Filemoni alikuwa mshirika wa kanisa aliyekuwa pia mmiliki wa watumwa. Paulo alimwandikia barua hii Filemoni ili kumwomba asimwadhibu mtumwa wake Onesimo aliyekuwa amemtoroka huko nyuma. Kwa sheria ya Kirumi Filemoni alikuwa nayo haki ya kumuua Onesimo. Paulo anatumia hoja zenye ushawishi ili kumtia moyo Filemoni amkubali Onesimo kama ndugu yake katika Kristo, na hata anadokeza kwamba aruhusiwe kuwa mtenda kazi pamoja naye Paulo mwenyewe (1:13-14).

Muhtasari:
1. Paulo anamsalimu Filemoni katika 1:1-3.
2. Paulo anatoa ombi kwa niaba ya Onesimo kwamba Filemoni amkubali kama ndugu yake katika Kristo (1:4-21).
3. Paulo anahitimisha barua yake kwa kueleza nia yake ya kumtembelea Filemoni na kutoa salamu (1:22-25).