complete verse (Ruth 4:7 - 4:10)

Following are a number of back-translations of Ruth 4:7-10:

  • Noongar: “Long ago, when the people of Israel divided land, one man must take off his shoe and give it to the other man. So the other right-way man said to Boaz, ‘Take this land yourself,’ and he took off his shoe. And Boaz said to all the people, ‘This day, you become my witnesses. I take from the hands of Naomi, all the land of Elimelech and Chilion and Mahlon. I also take Ruth of Moab, widow of Mahlon, to become my wife, so the name of the dead man stays with his land, so his name will not be lost to his people and will not be forgotten in this place. This day you become my witnesses.” (Source: Bardip Ruth-Ang 2020)
  • Eastern Bru: “Before in the country of Israel, the custom was this: if someone wanted to exchange things or wanted to agree about the inheritance of a kinsman who had died, then that person would give a sign. The sign was to take off one shoe and give it to the person who owned that thing or that inheritance. So the kinsman of Boaz said to Boaz: ‘Now you buy the inheritance for yourself.’ After that the kinsman took of one shoe and gave it to Boaz.And Boaz told the leader and all the people: ‘This day you have heard, I will buy from Naomi all the inheritance of Elimelech and his sons Kilion and Mahlon. And I will take also Ruth, the Moabitess, to be my wife. Before she was the wife of Mahlon who died. Now I will take her to be my wife so that she may have a son to carry on the name of her former husband. So then the inheritance of her former husband will remain in the village and in his clan. This day you have heard these things with me.’” (Source: Bru Back Translation)
  • Hiligaynon: “That time in Israel, to make-sure/ensure the buying/purchase of the land or the transferring of the rights to buy the land, a man will-take-off his sandal and give-(it) to the other-(party/one). This is what-is-being-done in Israel to prove/attest that the transaction is now sure/certain. So when the man said to Boaz, ‘You(sg) just buy the land,’ he then took-off one of his sandals and gave-(it) to Boaz. Then Boaz said to the rulers of the town and to all the people there, ‘You(pl) are witnesses today that I will-buy now from Noemi all the lands of Elimelec, which were-inherited by Kilion and Mahlon. And one more (thing), I will-marry Ruth the Moabnon, the widow of Mahlon, so-that if we(incl) have now a child, the land of Mahlon will-remain to his family. And so-that his descendants will- not -disappear from his fellow-countrymen.’ Then Boaz said to the people, ’You(pl) are witnesses today!’” (Source: Hiligaynon Back Translation)
  • English: “At that time, it was the custom in Israel, when a person bought property that belonged to another person, that the man who was selling the property would take off one of his sandals and give it to the one who was buying the property. That was the way they finalized sales in Israel. So that close relative said to Boaz, ‘You buy the field yourself!’ And he took off one of his sandals and gave it to Boaz. Then Boaz said to the elders and all the other people who were there, ‘Today you have all seen that I have bought from Naomi all the property that belonged to her dead husband Elimelech and his dead sons Mahlon and Chilion. I am also taking Ruth, the woman from Moab, Mahlon’s widow, to be my wife, in order that she may give birth to a son who will inherit the property of the dead man. In that way, Elimelech’s name will continue among the members of his family and among all the people of this town. Today you all are witnesses of what I have done.’” (Source: Translation for Translators)