complete verse (James 5:3)

Following are a number of back-translations of James 5:3:

  • Uma: “The gold and silver that you have piled up has become rusted. And that rusted wealth of your will be a sign that you have wrongly used your wealth. You piled-up stuff on this earth, yet this earth is almost finished! That’s why you will really be afflicted, like one who is eaten by fire.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Your gold and silver have oxidized (i.e. become black nawasa’) in the storage place. And that oxidized wealth of yours is a sign that you only store it up for yourselves, and that is what will finally eat your flesh like fire. You have been able to gather much wealth/many treasures in these days but soon it will be the end of the world.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “Your gold and silver has rusted for you haven’t used it to help people. And the rust is a sign of your greed. And because of that, your punishment in the future when mankind is punished will be very bitter; for you amassed a lot of wealth here in these last days.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Your gold and silver will also be rusted, and its rust, that will be the evidence of your sin of being-greedy. Its outcome is, you will be punished in hell, so the rust, it is like fire which eats your bodies. Your possessions (primarily money and animals) have already become-many, haven’t they, in these last days and here it is almost the time-for God -to-judge people.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Your gold and silver, it’s no longer possible/acceptable to buy with because it’s like it’s rusted from being kept in storage for so long. And this rust is what will testify that this habit/nature of yours of being selfish really isn’t good. And the truth is, it isn’t only this wealth which you have gathered, but rather, also severe (lit. heavy) punishment in that fire which doesn’t die down, when it is the end of the world.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Your money of gold and silver has tarnished. Because of your money tarnishing , it is apparent that you have not helped those without money, and because of this you will be punished. But you really have gathered your money you have been accumulating until these days now.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)