complete verse (James 5:12)

Following are a number of back-translations of James 5:12:

  • Uma: “All my relatives! Of all my advice, this is the most [i.e., is really important]: Let’s not swear [from Indonesian sumpah], naming the sky or naming the earth or anything else. If our purpose is to say yes, say [emphatic] ‘Yes.’ If our purpose is to say no, say ‘No,’ so that we don’t get hit with punishment.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “My brothers, this command of mine is greater than all: really do not swear/use an oath. Do not swear pronouncing/calling-on heaven or earth or whatever. Say yes if it is really yes, and say no if it is really no so that God will not drop judgement on you.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “Brothers, I give you a law that if you have a promise, do not make it tight by means of swearing or an oath. Do not swear by means of using anything in heaven or on earth to support your words. Simply ‘yes’ or ‘no’ is what you should use so that God will not punish you.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “I have something yet to tell you brothers which is very important. If you say something, do not swear-an-oath (i.e. call God as witness). Do not swear by heaven or by the earth or anything else. It’s enough that you say ‘Yes’ if you agree and ‘No’ if you don’t-like/disagree, so that God will not punish you.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Well now, my siblings in believing, I very much impress upon you that you don’t vow/curse. Don’t say ‘Heaven/sky is my witness,’ or, ‘The world is my witness,’ or anything else which you add on as a vow. What is good for you to say is, if yes, yes. If no, no. Only like that so that you won’t be sentenced by God to judgment.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Now, my dear brethren, here is another word that is important for me to tell you. Do not call for a witness when you speak, not heaven, nor earth, nor any other thing should you call as a witness. When you speak, you must say, ‘Yes’ and that is all. When you say no, then that is all. Don’t want that God punish you because of the words you speak.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)