complete verse (James 4:1)

Following are a number of back-translations of James 4:1:

  • Uma: “What [is the reason] that results in your having fights and arguing-back-and-forth, relatives? That appears from the evil desires of your heart. [It’s] those evil desires of your heart [that] continually wage-war in your hearts, causing [lit., carrying] you to do evil.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “What is the reason for your opposing and quarreling among you there? The reason is your greedy-desires that are fighting/challenging-each-other in your livers.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “What is the source of quarrels and fightings among you? It is your evil desires which fight against good behaviour?” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Because what really is the source of your quarrelling and arguing? It most-certainly arises-from the many-things that you want to-get-enjoyment-from which disrupt/disturb your good thoughts.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Well where do fighting and quarreling come from? Isn’t it so that they come from your own desires which are dominant in your mind/inner-being?” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Don’t you know why it is that you argue and fight each other? The evil thoughts you have win over you so that you cannot do good.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)