complete verse (James 3:16)

Following are a number of back-translations of James 3:16:

  • Uma: “For if there are people who are envious and who put themselves forward, there are certainly also fights and every kind of evil character.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “For wherever there are people putting-down/criticizing their (lit. his) companions in order to make themselves (lit. himself) great, and think only about themselves (lit. himself), na, there you see also the ones who fight/quarrel and every kind of evil.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “If there is a person who is jealous and holds himself high, he causes great trouble and he does all kinds of evil.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “So-long-as there is a person who is jealous and strives to make-himself-high, that’s where-disturbance/unrest and all kinds of evil -exist.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Because any person who is envious and causes himself to be dominant, what he’s also doing is trouble-making and all kinds of evil doing.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Because where there is jealousy, there is only fighting there. Each person tries to be looked up to and there isn’t anything good from this.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)