complete verse (James 1:1)

Following are a number of back-translations of James 1:1:

  • Uma: “This letter is from me, Yakobus, the slave of God and the slave of the Lord Yesus Kristus; I send it to the twelve mother-groups of Israel who are scattered in the whole world. Many greetings!” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “This letter/writing is from Yakub, a servant of God and (a) servant of Isa Almasi our (incl.) Lord. I remember you all my fellow Yahudi who trust in Isa Almasi who are scattered in/throughout the whole world.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “I who write this am James. I am a servant of God and of our Lord Jesus Christ. Greetings to all of you who belong to God who have separated from each other here on the face of the earth.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “I am Santiago who am serving God and the Lord Jesu Cristo. Here is my letter to you Judio (Jews) who believe in Cristo who reside in the various-towns/countries on this earth. How are you?” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “I who am Santiago, a servant of God and the Lord/Chief Jesu-Cristo, am the writer of this. I am sending my greetings to all who have been chosen by God as his people, who are now scattered in wherever place.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “I am James, God’s worker and our Lord Jesus Christ’s worker. I greet my brethren who are the descendants of Israel and live everywhere all over the earth.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)