complete verse (Hebrews 12:23)

Following are a number of back-translations of Hebrews 12:23:

  • Uma: “You face the meeting of the firstborn children of God, whose names are written in heaven. You face God, the judge who decides the cases of all mankind. You face people who died long ago, whose behavior was upright and who were made holy.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “There you are in the gathering of those called the eldest children of God, their names are written there in heaven. You have joined them in being glad. There you are in the presence of God, he is the one who judges all mankind. And there you are also at/with the souls of the righteous people who have died already, who no longer have any fault.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “It’s as if we are coming near to the first sons of God whose names are written down there in Heaven. And we are also getting near to God, the One who checks up on the behavior of all mankind. We have come near also to the souls of all of the righteous people who are already dead, whose being freed from evil behavior has been finished.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “We have been included with all whom God considers his firstborn who are our companions who believe whose names have been written in heaven, along-with the spirits of righteous people back then whom God has already made-into people who have no faults/lacks. We have also approached God who will judge all people” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Where we have approached, (it is) the gathering-place of all whom God is regarding as his oldest-children, whose names are listed in heaven. We have now come into the presence of the God who is the Judge of all people, and to the multitude of believers who have already died who, although they don’t yet have fit-for-heaven bodies, have been given the completion of their salvation.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “All of them are gathered in order to praise God. Now we walk with God’s children who have had their names written down in heaven. Our God is he who is the judge of all people. Concerning the old-time people who have died and have had God clear their sins, all of them are our brothers.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)