complete verse (Genesis 36:31)

Following are a number of back-translations as well as a sample translation for translators of Genesis 36:31:

  • Newari: “Here are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before there was a king in Israel –” (Source: Newari Back Translation)
  • Hiligaynon: “These were the kings of Edom in the time when the Israelinhon still had no kings:” (Source: Hiligaynon Back Translation)
  • English: “These are the names of the kings who ruled in Edom before any kings ruled over Israel.” (Source: Translation for Translators)