complete verse (Galatians 4:8)

Following are a number of back-translations of Galatians 4:8:

  • Uma: “Long ago before you knew God, you submitted to lords [word commonly used of spirits] that have power, but that were not God.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Formerly at the time when you did not yet know God, it was as if you were slaves of the gods whom you were following.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “Long ago before you believed in the true God, you were slaves of those things believed in who were not true gods.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Back then when you hadn’t come-to-know God, you were enslaved by idols (lit. imitation gods).” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “In the past before you were recognizing/acknowledging God as the true Lord/Chief, you were still slaves to serving the ones you were calling upon which were useless/ineffective.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “In the days which are past, you did not know God, but those idols which are not truly God you made to be your Lords for your worship.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)