complete verse (Galatians 4:25)

Following are a number of back-translations of Galatians 4:25:

  • Uma: “That story can be a teaching to us. Those two women stand-for the two ways to become straight in God’s sight. Hagar can be compared to people who want to become straight in God’s sight by their following of the Law of Musa. For all people who follow the Law of Musa live like slaves, for they submit to the Law of Musa like a slave submits to his noble. So, this Hagar is compared to Mount Sinai in the land of Arab. And this Hagar may be compared to Yerusalem village in this world. Because the inhabitants of Yerusalem live like slaves, enslaved by the Law of Musa.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “So-then Hagar is figuratively the mount Turusina there in the land Arab and is also a figure of the Yahudi tribe. Hagar and her children are slaves. Likewise also all Yahudi now who follow the law written by Musa are as if enslaved to the law.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “That mountain of Sinai is in the land called Arabia, and that mountain of Sinai is represented by Hagar. And the interpretation of Hagar is the town of Jerusalem because all of the people living there are slaves to observing the Law.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Hagar, she can also be compared to the mountain Sinai where the law came-from and to the city Jerusalem today, because those who reside in Jerusalem and also all the Jews who trust in the law of Moses, they are enslaved to/by that law.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Yes indeed, what Agar alludes to, it’s the Mountain of Sinai in Arabia. And all of this, it’s a picture of the city of Jerusalem which, right now, is in slavery, along with her children. What is being alluded to by this, it’s all who follow/obey the religion of the Jews, who are still slaves to their obedience to the laws of Moises.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Hagar illustrates two places. She illustrates the mountain Sinai there in the land of Arabia. And she illustrates Jerusalem which is here on earth. Because the Jews who live there follow what is written in the law.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)