complete verse (Galatians 4:23)

Following are a number of back-translations of Galatians 4:23:

  • Uma: “The child who was born from the woman who was a slave, was born like an ordinary child, following the desire of man[kind]. But the child who was born from the woman who was not a slave, was born following God’s promise to Abraham.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “His child from the slave was born in the ordinary way (lit. as is done in the world). But his child from his wife (who was) not a slave was born as God’s fulfillment of his promise/covenant to Ibrahim.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “The birth of the child of the woman who was a slave was just like the birth of any child; however, the birth of the other one, born by the woman who was not a slave, that could not have been if it were not promised by God to Abraham.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “The child of the slave, his birth was not amazing, but the child of his wife, he wouldn’t have been born if it weren’t due to what God promised them.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “That child of his from the slave came into being because of the plan of people. But that child from the one who was not a slave, came-into-being only because of what God promised.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “The woman who was the servant wasn’t barren, therefore she gave birth to a child. But the woman of the house was barren and then God promised Abraham that she would have a child.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)