complete verse (Galatians 4:1)

Following are a number of back-translations of Galatians 4:1:

  • Uma: “Like this, relatives: for instance there is a nobleman’s child. All his fathers stuff, he will own it all. But when he is still small, he is still treated like a slave.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “What I said can also be exampled like this. For example there is a child, an only child and his father dies. He is now the owner of the wealth left-behind by his father. But while he is yet a child it is as if he were just a slave/servant.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “For example, there is a child of a chief and his father died while he was still a child. And even though he is the one who will inherit all of the possessions of his dead father, while he is still a child he is only like a servant, because there is still someone who is in charge of him. There is someone who takes care of him who also cares for his possessions until the time comes, set by his father, then he at last will receive the authority to be in charge of his possessions.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Here is yet another illustration about what I’ve been saying. If there is a child who will inherit his father’s possessions, but his years are still lacking, it’s as if he has no distinction-from/advantage-over a slave, even though he is the owner of all his father’s wealth.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Here’s something else I will draw an illustration from. Supposing there is a certain rich person who dies prematurely when his only child is still small. This child of his, the day will come when he will own everything in the household. But even though it’s like that, as long as he is not yet old enough, there is no difference in his situation and the situation of the slaves in that household.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “You know that when a boy who is to receive an inheritance is just a child, he is like one of the workers even though he is the owner of all.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)