complete verse (Ephesians 6:12)

Following are a number of back-translations of Ephesians 6:12:

  • Uma: “For in this war of ours, we do not oppose mankind. We oppose those who have authority and powerful ones that are not visible. We oppose the warchiefs of darkness that have power on the earth. We oppose many kinds of demons and evil-ones that have power in the air/sky.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Because our (dual) enemy is not human but the leader of demons and all his servants and they are all bad/evil; their place is there in air-space. They have (supernatural) power and some of them have authority and they rule over all people in darkness here in this world.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “For we are not just fighting against people, but we are fighting against evil supernatural powers that dwell in Heaven and those kings which cannot be seen and bosses and those who are in charge of the evil people who are subject to darkness now here on the earth.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Because it’s not people who are our enemies, but rather the leaders and officials of the demons in the sky and the malicious/naughty/bad spirits (collective plural) and the other powerful unseen-ones who rule the people who are still in the darkness on this earth.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “For those who are fighting against us, they are not just people/humans like us, but rather innumerable evil-beings in the atmosphere, ones entering-and-controlling-the-mind and ones not (doing that) who have great knowledge/skill and authority in their respective area-of-jurisdiction here in the world. They are the ones governing the darkness in which people here under heaven are living.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Because concerning the war that we are in, it is not our fellowmen that we are at war with, rather those we are at war with are the evil spirits who have power, in that they rule the evil there is here in the earth. They go about above everywhere.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)