complete verse (Ephesians 2:2)

Following are a number of back-translations of Ephesians 2:2:

  • Uma: “At that time your everyday behavior followed the habit/custom of evil people in this world, you followed the will of the King of Evil-ones. That King of Evil-ones is the warchief that controls the evil spirits in the air/sky. To this present time he still works in the hearts of people who do not submit/bow to God.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “At that time your customs were like the customs of people who don’t follow God. Satan was the one you were following. He is hep the one who rules over the unseen people in space and now he also rules over those people who don’t follow God.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “At that time, you followed an evil way which is the way followed by people who are enemies of God. You obeyed the commands of Satan. He is the one who controls those who have power in the sky. He’s also the one who controls all those who will not obey the commands of God.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Because you were following the bad customs/behavior of those who don’t believe and you were obeying the leader of the evil-spirits in the sky who rules indeed also over those who persist in not obeying God.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “There was nothing else that you were giving preference/priority to then in the past than the evil here in this world. For at that time you were still under the jurisdiction of the boss/leader of the evil-spirits, they who exercise-authority in the atmosphere, those entering-and-controlling-minds and (those) not, who exercize-control over people now who are opposing God.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “We did the evil there is here on the earth. We did the will of the devil, he who rules all the evil spirits who go everywhere. And it is the devil who has grabbed the hearts of the people who do not want to believe in God now.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)