complete verse (Ephesians 2:12)

Following are a number of back-translations of Ephesians 2:12:

  • Uma: “At that time, you were not yet connected with Kristus. You were like the ones on the outside, you were not one group with the Yahudi people who had been chosen by God to be his people. You had no portion in the promise that God made to the Yahudi people. You had no hope in this world, for you were far from God.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Formerly you were really far from Almasi. And you were not included with the descendants of Isra’il, the people chosen by God. You also were not included in the covenant of God with his people. You lived in this world but there was no help that you could expect/hope-for from God, and what is more yet you did not even know who God is.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “You know that long time ago you had no relationship with Christ and you were not included with the people whom God chose. You also did not share in the good things which God promised to them. There was no help you could expect from God and that’s not all, because you did not even know who the true God was here on the earth.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “But it is nonetheless true that previously, you were separated from Cristo. You were excluded from the descendants of Israel whom God chose as his people. You were moreover not included in what God repeatedly promised his people that the one who would save them would come in-the-future. Therefore you had no good expectation when you were following your former customs/behavior, and you were still far from God.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Remember that at that time you were separated from Cristo. You were not being-included with the Jews, they being the people of God to whom he was showing grace/mercy. And you were not included in his initiated-agreements with them which told of his far-from-ordinary promise. Really in the past there you had no good (situation) that you were hoping for, and had no awareness at all of this God being referred to.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “In those days you did not know who Christ was. You were separate from the Jews who live in the land of Israel. You didn’t know the contract God had made with them. You didn’t know the word God had promised. Asleep you lived here on earth, you were not awaiting for the day to come that you would be saved by God. You didn’t know that God lived.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)