complete verse (1 Timothy 6:4)

Following are a number of back-translations of 1 Timothy 6:4:

  • Uma: “People like that, they are just pretending-to-be-smart, they don’t know anything. Their desire is to continually argue and just hunt for disputes about words. From their teaching people end up being envious, fighting, talking-critically, accusing,” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “na, that person is arrogant/proud and he doesn’t know anything. This is what he always wants to argue and to contradict/defy about words. The result is that some want-to-surpass-the-others, some fight with each other, some slander each other and they no longer trust each other.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “he is ignorant and boastful. He has a great desire for stupid arguments about mere words. From this originates jealousy, quarreling, insulting, baseless suspicion,” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “that is the person whose thoughts are proud/arrogant but-meanwhile he knows nothing. People like these, their excessive love for discussing topics which have no value/purpose and for arguing about the meanings of words is undesirable/improper. The outcome of behaviors like those, it is jealousy, minds/thoughts which contradict-each-other, evil words about a companion, evil suspicions about a companion,” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “well a person like that, his understanding is really lacking. It’s just his praise-seeking. That’s what will lead him to a mind/thinking which is no longer clear/lucid, for there’s nothing else being attended-to/faced than arguments concerning many-many words, as to what is being alluded to. There’s no other outcome of that than envy, conflicts, insults and suspicions.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “These are people who are proud, who do not know anything. Their hearts are lost, all in arguments they walk. They are jealous, they want fights and they insult people. They don’t believe what they are told.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)