complete verse (1 Timothy 1:10)

Following are a number of back-translations of 1 Timothy 1:10:

  • Uma: “The purpose of the Law of Musa is to forbid/stop people who commit adultery, who behave wrongly men with fellow men or women with fellow women, who take people to make slaves of them, who lie, who give lying witness, and whoever does what differs/is-at-odds with the true teaching.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Likewise also to/for the people who commit adultery-fornication, people who desire-sexually their fellow men or their fellow woman, people who capture their fellow-(men) for-getting-money, people who lie, people who bear-testimony/witness even though (it is) not true and whoever does (anything) in opposition to the true teaching.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “those who meddle with people who are not their spouses, men who lust after other men, kidnappers, liars, those who bear false witness, and anybody whose behavior transgresses the true doctrine.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “the one who sleeps-with someone who is not his spouse, the man who sleeps-with his fellow man, the one who catches his fellow person to sell (him) to be enslaved, the liar and the one who swears what isn’t true, and all others who do what is contrary to the correct teaching. It is for people like these that the law was made.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “the ones who behave-immorally with one not their spouse, those men who do disgusting things with other men and women with other women, those who capture people to enslave them, liars including those who give untrue-testimony, and whatever else which is against correct teaching.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “It judges the fornicators. It judges the men who treat like women their fellowmen. It judges the people who capture fellowmen and hide them away. It judges liars. It judges people who tell false words and call on God as their witness. It judges all the people who reject that true teaching which there is.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)