complete verse (1 Peter 3:19)

Following are a number of back-translations of 1 Peter 3:19:

  • Uma: “By that power of the Holy Spirit he went to spread the news of his victory to the ghosts who are in prison.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Then his soul/spirit went and preached/proclaimed the good news to the spirits/souls that are imprisoned by God in the afterworld.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “and His soul went to the imprisoned souls who had died long ago, and He preached to them.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “His spirit went to the place of the imprisoned spirits of the dead and there is that which he said to them.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Through this Espiritu Santo, he went to the people of long ago, in the time of Noe. They really were taught/shown the will of God, but well, they didn’t obey it. That’s why now, their spirits are imprisoned. Because all the time Noe-and-co were still making the boat which was like a big chest, God just did-nothing-about those rebellious ones. He was waiting for them to repent/be-sorry for their sin. But since they didn’t repent, he caused it to flood, that being his punishment for them. Very few people were like rescued by him from that water, only eight, only Noe’s family who were in the boat.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Before his body was resurrected, Christ went to speak a message to the dead people in prison.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)