complete verse (1 John 2:22)

Following are a number of back-translations of 1 John 2:22:

  • Uma: “Who are those liars? The liars are people who deny that Kristus is the Redeemer King. They are the enemies of Kristus, for they reject God the Father and God the Child.” (Source: Uma Back Translation)
  • Yakan: “Now, who is a liar? The liar is a person who says that Isa is not the Almasi who is chosen by God as ruler. The person who says this is the Opposing Almasi. He does not believe-obey in God and his Son.” (Source: Yakan Back Translation)
  • Western Bukidnon Manobo: “Who is the liar? He is the one who says that Jesus is not the one chosen by God to rule. The one who says this is an enemy of Christ, for he says that our Father God is not the true one to be worshipped, and he also says that Christ is not the Son of the true God.” (Source: Western Bukidnon Manobo Back Translation)
  • Kankanaey: “Who then is the liar if not the one who says that Jesus is not the Cristo whom God sent? The one who says this, he is the one who opposes Cristo, and it is not only God’s Child whom he does not acknowledge but rather God as well.” (Source: Kankanaey Back Translation)
  • Tagbanwa: “Who am I referring to as being a liar, if not the one who gives out that as for Jesus, he is not that Cristo who is the Savior King was promised by God? A person like this is who is meant by opponent of Cristo, he who rejects God the Father and his Son Jesu-Cristo.” (Source: Tagbanwa Back Translation)
  • Tenango Otomi: “Let us know who the liar is. The liar is that one who says that Jesus is not the Christ whom God appointed to rule. That one is the enemy of Christ because he denies the Father and he denies the Son of God.” (Source: Tenango Otomi Back Translation)
  • Yatzachi Zapotec: “The person is a liar who says about Jesus that he is not the Christ the Son of God. The person who shoves aside our father God and his son, that person does contrary to Christ.”
  • Eastern Highland Otomi: “We know which word is a lie. That which denies that Jesus is the same as the Christ, the Chosen-One of God. He is God’s enemy who says that, and thinks that Jesus Christ is not God’s Son. Neither does he believe the Father.”
  • Tzotzil: “If we say ‘Jesus Christ has not been given his work by God,’ we are lying. If we say ‘God is not the father of Jesus Christ,’ we are opposing Christ.” (Source for this and two above: John Beekman in Notes on Translation 12, November 1964, p. 1ff.)